Rep. Madinah Wilson-Anton and Sen. Stephanie Hansen have reintroduced House Bill 220, which is the first part of a Constitutional Amendment that will seek to conserve, protect and maintain our state’s natural resources. The Amendment was introduced in the last session of the General Assembly but it did not get a vote. The Amendment would enshrine residents’ right to a clean and healthy environment in the Delaware Constitution.
The measure would add language to the Constitution stating that Delawareans have “an inherent, indefeasible and inalienable right to a clean and healthy environment, including water, air, soil, flora, fauna, ecosystems and climate, and to the preservation of the natural, cultural, scenic and healthful qualities of the environment.”
Here is the exact text of the Amendment:
The people of Delaware have an inherent and inalienable right to a clean and healthy environment, including water, air, soil, flora, fauna, ecosystems and climate, and to the preservation of the natural, cultural, scenic and healthful qualities of the environment. The State’s natural resources are the common property of all the people, including both present and future generations. The State, including all branches, agencies, and political subdivisions, shall serve as trustee of the State’s natural resources and shall conserve, protect, and maintain these resources for the benefit of all its people. This provision, and the rights stated herein, are self-executing and on par with other protected inalienable rights.
Constitutional amendments require a 2/3 majority in each chamber and must pass consecutive General Assemblies. If HB 220 passes this year during the 152nd General Assembly, an identical bill must be introduced and passed during the 153rd General Assembly, which runs from 2025-26.
If the General Assembly passes the Green Amendment, Delaware would join other states that have or are seeking similar provisions, in their respective constitutions, creating the same inherent and inalienable rights for their citizens.
|HOUSE BILL 220 – CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT PROTECTING DELAWARE’S NATURAL RESOURCES||Currrent Status – House Administration 6/1/23|
|House Sponsors – Wilson-Anton, Baumbach, Bolden, Griffith, Heffernan, Longhurst, Morrison, Phillips, Romer||Senate Sponsors – Hansen, Townsend, Gay, Hoffner, Huxtable, McBride, Sokola, Sturgeon|
|House Yes Votes –||Senate Yes Votes –|
|House No Votes –||Senate No Votes –|
|House Absents or Not Voting –||Senate Absent or Not Voting –|
“When we talk about the inherent rights that each of us enjoy, we sometimes distill things down to the Declaration of Independence’s ‘life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.’ Our ability to enjoy life in Delaware in large part is tied to our enjoyment and use of our natural resources, including our state parks, national wildlife refuges, rivers, lakes and streams, and the beaches along the coastline,” said Rep. Wilson-Anton.
“That’s why we need a Green Amendment in Delaware. We need to enshrine these rights in our constitution because for too long these rights have been trampled on. Today, there are Delawareans who woke up in a home where the water that flows from their pipes is too dangerous to drink or take a shower in. Other Delawareans woke up in a neighborhood where the air is making them and their families sick. I’m excited that this year we are taking a step in the right direction, and I’m excited to be working with so many dedicated community advocates on this.”
“Our natural environment is not separate and apart from our society,” said Sen. Hansen. “Rather, the health, safety and welfare of our society is inextricably linked to the health, safety and welfare of the fragile ecosystems, biodiversity and climate that make up the world around us. You simply cannot have one without the other. The rights of future generations to enjoy Delaware’s natural heritage is already spelled out in the oath of office dictated by our state Constitution. The legislation Rep. Wilson-Anton and I have introduced seeks to make those rights more than words that elected officials recite every couple of years. It will make the right to a clean and healthy environment something we all share as Delawareans.”